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湖北省情與經濟社會發展情況中文及英譯參考

發布時間: 2015-10-21 11:20:54   作者:本站編輯   來源: 本站原創

 

湖北省情與經濟社會發展情況
 
湖北地處中國中部、長江中游,國土面積18.59萬平方公里,人口6100萬。現設12個省轄市、1個自治州、3個直管市、一個林區,21個縣級市、40個縣。
   經濟區位優越。湖北承東啟西,連南接北,通江達海,得“中”獨厚,京廣、京九鐵路縱貫南北,京珠、滬蓉高速縱橫交錯。以武漢為圓心,在1200公里半徑范圍內,涵蓋了中國70%的大中城市。以武廣高鐵建成運營為標志,湖北率先進入高鐵時代,武漢新港成為長江中上游第一個億噸大港,武漢與長三角、珠三角形成3小時經濟圈,湖北正由區域性“九省通衢”發展成為全局性的“九州通衢”。2014年,全年完成生產總值2.7萬億元人民幣(合4350億美元),增長9.7%,增速居全國第七位。人均國民生產總值達7600美元。至2014年止,赴鄂投資興業的世界500強企業達228家(境外159家).
資源要素富集。長江黃金水道流經湖北境內1061公里,省內湖泊密布,水網縱橫,素有“千湖之省”,有大小河流4000余條,總長達6萬余公里,水資源富集,已開發和正在開發的水電裝機居全國第一位,其中三峽工程發電量居世界各大水電站之首。現已發現的礦藏有138種,其中磷、石膏、巖鹽等儲量居全國前列。
文化歷史悠久。湖北是中華文明的發源地之一,是楚文化的發祥地。湖北是全國旅游資源較為豐富的省份之一,山水名勝與文化古跡兼備,擁有長江三峽、武當山、神農架、楚文化等世界級品牌。華夏始祖炎帝神農氏出生于湖北隨州。此外,三國時期,湖北境內還是眾多歷史事件的發生地。湖北首府武漢是辛亥革命的發源地。
產業基礎堅實。湖北有“魚米之鄉”的美譽,是全國重要的商品糧棉油生產基地和最大的淡水產品生產基地。湖北工業基礎雄厚,綜合配套能力強,是全國重要的汽車工業基地和鋼鐵工業基地,現已形成以汽車、鋼鐵、石化、電子信息、食品、紡織服裝、裝備制造等產業為支撐的現代工業體系。
科教實力雄厚。湖北是中國第三大教育中心,是國內重要的基礎研究和高新技術研究基地,在激光、光電子信息、生物工程、新材料等領域居領先地位,現有高等院校120多所,在校大學生超過130萬,有62位兩院院士,東湖高新區是全國第二個自主創新示范區。
城市活力強勁。省會武漢是我國歷史文化名城、中部地區中心城市,歷史上曾有僅次于上海的我國第二大對外通商口岸。武漢和周邊8個城市構成的“1+8”武漢城市圈,被批準為國家“兩型”社會建設綜合配套改革試驗區,不僅是湖北產業和生產要素最密集、最具活力的地區,也是中西部地區最具潛力的區域之一。以武漢為中心,襄陽、宜昌為副中心的“一主兩副”城市化發展格局正在形成。湖北既具有后發地區資源豐富、環境容量較大和生產要素成本較低的優勢,又具有發達地區的工業基礎、科教實力和交通優勢,多重優勢疊加,比較優勢凸顯。
 
 
About Hubei: Basic Information and Economic and Social Development
 
Located in Central China and at the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Hubei covers a total area of 18.59 km2 with a population of 61 million. It has 12 municipalities under the direct administration of the province, 1 autonomous prefecture, 3 counties under the direct administration of the province, three sub-prefecture-level cities, one forestry district, 21 county-level cities and 40 counties.
Unique geographical advantages for developing its economy in Central China. With Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway and Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway stretching from east to west, and Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and Beijing-Kowloon Railway passing through from north to south, and easy access to the Yangtze River and the sea, Hubei enjoys exceptional advantages in transportation. As the Wuhan-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway is open to traffic and the age of high-speed rail comes, a three-hour economic circle centered on Wuhan with the radius of 1,200 km has taken shape, covering 70% of large and medium-sized cities, together with two large economic circles, i.e. the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Wuhan New Port has become the first port with a handling capacity of 100 million tons at the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River. With such a unique position, Hubei is turning itself from a regional “Gateway to Nine Provinces” to a national “Gateway to the Whole Country”. In 2014, its GDP reached 2.7 trillion RMB ($ 435 billion), increased by 9.7%, ranking the 7th nationwide. And the per capita GDP was $7,600. According to the statistics by 2014, 228 of the Fortune 500 Companies (including 159 overseas companies) have established their presence here.
Abundant resources. The Yangtze River, known as “the Golden Waterway”, flows 1,061 km traversing Hubei from west to east. Hubei, decorated with lakes and rivers, has more than 4,000 rivers of different sizes, with their lengths totaling 60,000 km, thus giving it the name, “A Province with One Thousand Lakes”. Rich water resources enable the installed capacity developed or under development rank top nationwide, with the generating capacity of the Three Gorges Project outranking other hydropower stations worldwide. Hubei boasts rich mineral resources, among which 138 kinds have already been discovered. The reserves of phosphorus, gypsum and rock salt are among the top in China.
Time-honored history and profound culture. Hubei is one of the places where Chinese civilization originated and is the birthplace of Chu Culture. It possesses abundant tourism resources featuring with beautiful landscapes and places of historic and cultural interests, and world-class tourism brands including the Three Gorges, the Wudang Mountain, Shennongjia Forest District, Chu Culture and so on. Emperor Yan, the ancestor of the Chinese people, was born in Suizhou, Hubei. The province witnessed many important historic events of the Three Kingdoms Period. Wuhan, the capital city, is the place where the 1911 Revolution began.
Solid industrial foundation. Crowned as a “land of fish and rice”, it is one of the key production bases for commodity grain, cotton and oil, and the largest manufacturing base for freshwater products. Thanks to the firm foundation and comprehensive supporting strength, Hubei serves as an important base for auto industry and iron & steel industry, thus forming a modern industrial system supported by auto industry, iron & steel industry, petrochemical industry, electronic information industry, food industry, textile industry, equipment manufacturing industry has taken shape.
Strengths in science and education. As the third largest education center in China, it is also a major base for fundamental researches, and new and hi-tech researches, leading the fields in laser, optoelectronics information, bioengineering, and new materials. There are over 120 institutions of higher learning with more than 1.3 million college students and about 62 fellows of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. In addition, Wuhan East Lake Hi-tech Development Zone is the second Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone nationwide.
 Great vitality. As a noted historic and cultural city, and the central city in central China, Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province, used to have a foreign trade port second only to Shanghai. The Greater Wuhan Metropolitan Area, composed of Wuhan and eight surrounding cities, has been approved as a pilot zone where comprehensive supporting reforms for the building of a resource-conserving and environmental-friendly society take place, making it the most resource-rich area full of vitality, as well as one of the regions with the greatest potential in central and western China. An urban development pattern featuring with one provincial center of Wuhan city and two provincial sub-centers of Xiangyang city and Yichang city is taking shape. Hubei enjoys multiple comparative advantages. For instance, it is not only endowed with abundant resources, huge environmental capacity and relatively low factor costs as the developing regions, but with solid industrial base, strength in science and education, and convenient transportation as the developed areas.

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